Can a homeowner replace an electrical panel? That’s a question that’s sparked curiosity in many of us. In this blog post, I’ll share whether or not it’s a job you can do on your own or if it’s something better left to the professionals.
I’ll also discuss what an electrical panel really is, why it might need replacing, and the potential dangers you could face.
Basic Steps for Replacing Electrical Panel Yourself
While replacing your old electrical panel, safety should always be your top priority.
To begin the process,
- Step #1: Switch off the power supply to the panel by turning off the main circuit breaker. It’ll prevent accidental contact with live wires.
- Step #2: Once the power supply is off, remove the panel cover to expose the circuit breakers and wiring.
- Step #3: Now disconnect each circuit breaker from the old panel. Keep track of the wiring plan and where each wire connects, as you’ll need this information when you install the new panel.
- Step #4: Once you’ve removed all the breakers and wire, carefully unscrew the old panel from the wall or board. It’s a good idea to have someone assist you, as the old panel can be a bit heavy.
- Step #5: After removing the old panel from the wallboard, secure the new panel to the wall, making sure it’s aligned properly and leveled.
- Step #6: Next, reconnect each circuit breaker to the new panel according to the wiring plan that you noted earlier. Ensure that all connections are double-checked to ensure a safe and correct setup.
- Step #7: Finally, replace the panel cover and turn the main circuit breaker back on. Congratulations!
Note: Somehow, if you set up the breaker wire incorrectly, you might face electrical fire or breaker damage. So be careful. If you’re not confident in your DIY skills, it’s always best to consult with a professional electrician.
Signs It’s Time to Change Your Electrical Panel
An electrical panel plays a vital role when you think about electrical safety. So, how can you tell when it’s time for a change?
Here are the top signs that indicate you need to consider replacing your electrical panel:
1. Smoke or sparks emanating from the panel
If you notice smoke or sparks coming from your panel, it’s a clear indication that something is wrong and potentially hazardous. In such cases, you should quickly contact an electrician for immediate assistance.
2. Panel feels excessively hot to the touch
A properly functioning panel should not emit excessive heat. If you find that it’s unusually hot, there may be an issue with the wiring or the breakers.
3. Missing or damaged panel cover
A missing or damaged cover poses a danger by exposing live wires. So you should address this situation quickly to ensure safety.
4. Frequent tripping of breakers
If your breakers trip frequently, it could be a sign that your panel is overloaded or experiencing wiring issues. Consulting an electrician is recommended to diagnose and resolve the problem.
5. Unusual noises from the panel
Buzzing or crackling sounds coming from the panel can indicate a serious problem that requires immediate attention from a professional.
6. Rust or corrosion on the panel
The buildup of rust or corrosion compromises the integrity of the panel and its components, potentially leading to safety hazards.
7. Panel is over 25–30 years old
Electrical panels have a limited lifespan, and if yours is older than 25–30 years, you should consider an upgrade to ensure optimal performance and safety.
8. Installation of new appliances
If you recently add new appliances to your home, they may require more power than your current panel can handle. Upgrading the panel will ensure it can meet the increased demand.
9. Outdated fuse electrical system
Older fuse systems are less efficient and safe compared to modern circuit breakers. Upgrading to a new electrical panel is a smart choice for improved functionality and safety.
10. Over-reliance on power strips
Using multiple power strips indicates your current panel may be insufficient to distribute enough power. Upgrading the panel will provide adequate power distribution.
Table: Comparison of Fuse Systems and Circuit Breakers:
|Fuse Systems||Circuit Breakers|
|Efficiency||Less efficient||More efficient|
|Safety||Lower safety rating||Higher safety rating|
|Ease of Use||Require manual replacement||Easy to reset after a trip|
|Overload Protection||Limited protection, prone to overheating||Robust protection against overloads|
|Lifespan||Prone to wear and tear||Longer lifespan|
|Upgradability||Limited room for expansion||Greater flexibility for future needs|
Note: This table provides a comparison between older fuse systems and modern circuit breakers, highlighting the advantages of circuit breakers over fuse systems.
Which States of US People/homeowner Can Replace Their Electrical Panels Without Permission?
Replacing an electrical panel usually requires permission from your local jurisdiction because of the potential risks involved. However, some states in the US allow homeowners to replace their electrical panels without permission or inspection.
Here are the states where you can do a bit of DIY on your home’s electrical panel:
- Arizona – Allowed, but you must have a licensed electrician conduct the replacement to ensure safety.
- Delaware – Allowed, but you don’t change the service, amperage, or location of the panel.
- Idaho – Allowed, you cannot change the size or location of the panel.
- Montana – Allowed, but only if they’re not modifying any wiring or circuits.
- New Hampshire – Allowed, you cannot make any modifications to the service entrance equipment or wiring.
- Oregon – Allowed, but only if they’re not relocating or modifying any wiring or service entrance equipment.
- Pennsylvania – Allowed, but only if the work is being done on a single-family home.
- Texas – Allowed, no permission to modify or relocate any electrical wiring or circuits.
- Virginia – Allowed, but only if the replacement is being done on a single-family home.
Is It Worth Replacing An Electrical Panel?
If your old home is older than 25- 30 years, you should upgrade your home’s electric panel as soon as possible. Also, outdated or damaged panels can compromise the safety of your home and put you and your family at risk.
If you experience issues such as frequent tripping of circuit breakers or flickering lights including the above signs, you should upgrade. Moreover, with the increased power demands of modern appliances and gadgets, an older panel may not be able to keep up with the load.
Upgrading your old electrical panel can provide several benefits, including increased safety, enhanced home value, and greater energy efficiency.
A new and updated panel can help prevent electrical fires and reduce the risk of damage to appliances. Additionally, it can support the growing power needs of your home.
If we talk about the upgrading cost, it’ll depend on various factors such as panel size, labor rates, and materials.
On average, homeowners should budget between $1300 and $3000 for a panel upgrade. Your upgrade costs may be higher in some cases, but the investment is worth it.
|Average Cost to Replace Electrical Panel|
|Upgrading to 100-amp Service|
|Panel plus Installation||$800–$1,500|
|Upgrading to 200-amp Service|
|Panel plus Installation||$1,300–$3,000|
|Upgrading to 300-amp Service|
|Panel plus Installation||$1,800–$3,500|
|Upgrading to 400-amp Service|
|Panel plus Installation||$2,000–$4,000|
|Replacing vs. Upgrading Electrical Panel|
|Replace Main Breaker Switch||$200–$300|
|Replace Entire Main Breaker||$500–$2,000|
|Installing a Subpanel|
|Moving an Electrical Panel|
|Low-end (e.g., moving panel 10 feet)||$800–$1,000|
|High-end (e.g., extensive rewiring)||$1,000–$3,000|
|Installing an Electric Meter Box|
|Meter Box Only||$50–$250|
|Meter Box plus Installation||$1,800–$3,500|
It’s not possible to change an electrical panel without turning off the power. Trying to replace it without shutting off the power source can result in serious injury or death.
You should only complete this task with a licensed electrician. It may seem like a simple job, but it carries significant risks, including electrical shock and fire.
On average, an electrical panel replacement can cost anywhere from $1300 to $3000. If rewiring is necessary, the cost can range from $1500 to $10000. Keep in mind that the cost might be higher if the panel needs relocation or additional parts.
The Bottom Line
Homeowners do have the ability to replace their electrical panel, but I advise them to do them safely or hire a professional electrician. Don’t take unnecessary risks.
If you have any questions or concerns about your electrical panel, it’s always best to consult with a certified electrician to ensure your safety and the well-being of your home.